Quick Answer: Why Are There 3 Magistrates?

How are magistrates selected?

Magistrates are members of the local community appointed by the Lord Chancellor to sit in magistrates’ courts and decide on cases brought before them.

Magistrates are appointed from the age of 18 and all magistrates retire at the age of 70..

What is the role of the magistrates?

Magistrates are trained, unpaid members of their local community, who work part-time and deal with less serious criminal cases, such as minor theft, criminal damage, public disorder and motoring offences.

How is a magistrate different from a judge?

In brief terms, as defined by the online, legal library, a judge is “A public official with authority to hear cases in a court of law and pronounce a judgment upon them.” A magistrate is “Any individual who has the power of a public civil officer or inferior judicial office such as a Justice of the Peace” These …

Do magistrates need a law degree?

A bachelor’s degree and experience in legal matters is the minimum requirement for a magistrate position. In practice, the magistrate will have completed a law degree (Juris Doctor) program.

Who Cannot be a lay magistrate?

As long as they are over 18 and can make the time for it, almost anybody can become a magistrate. There are only a few exceptions: Police officers, traffic wardens and members of the armed forces cannot become magistrates. This is to make sure that magistrates are impartial.

What are the disadvantages of magistrates?

DisadvantagesProsecution Biased- As untrained , they may side with the police. … Inconsistent-May forget sentences due to working only 13 days a year. … Case Hardened-May judge defendants on a case before. … Unrepresentative of society- Only people with free time.More items…•

How do I pass the magistrate interview?

Six Key Qualities?Good Character. Your personal integrity. … Understanding and Communication. Ability to understand documents (as a magistrate you will have to work with documents such as the sentencing guidelines. … Social Awareness. … Maturity and Sound Temperament. … Sound Judgement. … Commitment and Reliability.

What is a judge’s salary UK?

The number of judges is set by s. 23(2) Constitutional Reform Act 2005, which established the Court, but may be increased by the Queen through an Order in Council under s….Justice of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom.Judge of the Supreme Court of the United KingdomSalary£226,193Websitehttp://www.supremecourt.uk/4 more rows

How many magistrates are there in a court?

three magistratesCases in the magistrates’ court are usually heard either by a District Judge sitting alone, or by a bench of three magistrates (magistrates are sometimes referred to as Justices or Justices of the Peace which is often shortened to ‘JPs’).

What do magistrates get paid?

Magistrates are not paid, but many employers allow their employees time off with pay. If you lose out on pay, you can claim an allowance at a set rate, as well as allowances for travel and subsistence. Find out more about magistrates’ allowances.

Is there a shortage of magistrates?

An important part of this, given that the vast majority of criminal cases are dealt with wholly in magistrates’ courts, is the shortage of magistrates. A decade ago there were almost 30,000 but now, driven by a failure to recruit in sufficient numbers, there are fewer than 15,000.

How do you address a magistrate?

In court, a magistrate is addressed as ‘Your Worship’, or ‘Sir’ or ‘Madam’. In correspondence, the letters ‘JP’ may be used after the name on the envelope, but this is not obligatory.

Is a magistrate called Your Honor?

A district judge sitting in the County Court is addressed as “Your Honour”. A district judge (magistrates’ court) is addressed as “Your Worship”. A lay magistrate, in cases where they are present, is also addressed as “Your Worship”, and may use the post-nominals “LM”, e.g. “John Smith LM”.