Quick Answer: Do You Have To Pour Footings For A Deck?

Do you need footings for a deck?

Decks and other permanent structures require deck supports and footings made from structural strength concrete mix.

NOTE: it is important to check local building codes for construction requirements in your area; these requirements will include minimum diameter and minimum depth of the footings..

Why deck posts should not be set in concrete?

A deck post should always be placed on top of footing, not inside concrete because it can break. … Concrete tends to absorb moisture and wood expands when it gets wet, so these two factors combined will result in the wood breaking the concrete.

Can I use 2×6 for deck joists?

In general terms, joists spaced 16 inches on center can span 1.5 times in feet their depth in inches. A 2×8 up to 12 feet; 2×10 to 15 feet and 2×12 to 18 feet. … 2×6 joists should only be used on ground-level decks that do not require, and will not provide for, any guards.

Can I use deck pier blocks instead of footings?

A deck pier block is in many ways just a simplified version of a “precast foundation”, a foundation type recognized by building codes. They’re subject to all of the same requirements as a typical footing, regardless of not being cast-in-place. … The small bearing area of pier blocks is limited in supporting much load.

Can you build a deck without digging holes?

Precast piers make it unnecessary to dig holes for your deck. A deck makes a great home improvement addition to almost any backyard. … Fortunately, there’s a simple, cost-effective way to build a deck without digging holes. Construct a floating deck with precast concrete deck piers that rest directly atop the soil.

Can I build a deck directly on the ground?

Floating decks can be set directly on the ground or, preferably, a bed of gravel. But it’s best to support the deck on concrete blocks. This keeps the wood off the ground and away from moisture so the wood stays drier and lasts longer.

How many footings do I need for a 12×16 deck?

four footingsA standard deck will need four footings parallel to the house, but they will need to be temporarily braced by 6 inch-by-6 inch posts. Using doubled boards, you will then need to build beams on the top row of the posts to frame the edges of the deck.

Should I use 4×4 or 6×6 deck posts?

4×4 post will be fine. I have built many decks for new homes with them. 6×6 is more sturdy of course and will not twist as easy, but for structure purposes, 4×4 will be fine. I would just not go more then 10′ apart with them.

How far apart should 4×4 posts be on a deck?

6 feetThe maximum spacing of 4×4 deck posts should be 6 feet on center, while the maximum spacing of 6×6 deck posts should be 8 feet on center.

What do you put under deck blocks?

Deck blocks should be installed on stable, non-organic material with good drainage. You can put gravel, sand, or limestone screening under a deck block. Deck blocks can also be set on poured concrete columns dug to below the frost level.

Can I use 4×4 posts for my deck?

In the past, many decks were built with 4×4 support posts (also called structural posts). But these can bow seriously, even if a deck is only 3 feet off the ground. For that reason, we strongly recommend that you use 6x6s instead, even if your building department does not demand them.

How far apart should deck posts be?

8 feetStarting with your perimeter, mark the location of each deck post to locate the fitting position. In general, posts should be spaced no more than 8 feet apart. Some builders position them every 4 feet for a completely rigid frame. The maximum distance between footings is determined by the size of your joist material.