Question: What Era Is Oratorio?

Why is it called baroque?

The word “baroque” comes from the Portuguese word barroco meaning misshapen pearl, a negative description of the ornate and heavily ornamented music of this period.

Later, the name came to apply also to the architecture of the same period..

Is Cantata sacred or secular?

The early cantatas after Grandi were written by Italian composers, most in secular style (cantata da camera, “chamber cantata”), but some in sacred manner (cantata da chiesa, “church cantata”) and all in the vernacular language, Italian.

What is a German chorale?

A chorale is a melody to which a hymn is sung by a congregation in a German Protestant Church service. The typical four-part setting of a chorale, in which the sopranos (and the congregation) sing the melody along with three lower voices, is known as a chorale harmonization.

Who created choir?

Classical and Romantic music Haydn became more interested in choral music near the end of his life following his visits to England in the 1790s, when he heard various Handel oratorios performed by large forces; he wrote a series of masses beginning in 1797 and his two great oratorios The Creation and The Seasons.

Is oratorio a baroque?

The Late Baroque Oratorio In the late baroque oratorios increasingly became “sacred opera.” In Rome and Naples Alessandro Scarlatti was the most noted composer. In Vienna the court poet Metastasio produced annually a series of oratorios for the court which were set by Caldara, Hasse and others.

What era was baroque music?

Derived from the Portuguese barroco, or “oddly shaped pearl,” the term “baroque” has been widely used since the nineteenth century to describe the period in Western European art music from about 1600 to 1750.

Who were two of the greatest composers in the baroque period?

Key composers of the Baroque era include Johann Sebastian Bach, Antonio Vivaldi, George Frideric Handel, Claudio Monteverdi, Domenico Scarlatti, Alessandro Scarlatti, Henry Purcell, Georg Philipp Telemann, Jean-Baptiste Lully, Jean-Philippe Rameau, Marc-Antoine Charpentier, Arcangelo Corelli, François Couperin, …

Who started the Baroque period?

The Baroque style used contrast, movement, exuberant detail, deep colour, grandeur and surprise to achieve a sense of awe. The style began at the start of the 17th century in Rome, then spread rapidly to France, northern Italy, Spain and Portugal, then to Austria, southern Germany and Russia.

What is an example of an oratorio?

Oratorio Definition Handel’s famed ‘Hallelujah Chorus’ is from a larger work called ‘Messiah’. With choirs, solo singers, and orchestra, you might have thought this was an opera, but its religious topic and simple staging are the hallmarks of an oratorio.

Is Chorale medieval?

Medieval music includes solely vocal music, such as Gregorian chant and choral music (music for a group of singers), solely instrumental music, and music that uses both voices and instruments (typically with the instruments accompanying the voices). Gregorian chant was sung by monks during Catholic Mass.

When was the oratorio invented?

February 1600Often cited as the first oratorio is the February 1600 presentation at the Oratoria della Vallicella in Rome, called the “Representation of Soul and Body” (La rappresentazione di anima e di corpo) and written by the Italian composer Emilio de Cavalieri (1550–1602).

What is the difference between oratorio and Chorale?

Cantatas have chorales and chorale preludes while oratorios do not. Response last updated by Shadowmyst2004 on Aug 23 2016. … But in fact Bach’s Passions are oratorios. Another difference is that usually (but not always) an Oratorio is structured in several acts like an opera, while a cantata has a more free structure.

What is a baroque oratorio?

oratorio. is a large scale dramatic genre originating in the baroque, based on a text of religious or serious characters, performed by solo voices, chorus, and orchestra, similar to opera but without costumes, scenery or acting. french overture.

What historical period is Chorale?

The chorale originated when Martin Luther translated sacred songs into the vernacular language (German), contrary to the established practice of church music near the end of the first quarter of the 16th century. The first hymnals according to Luther’s new method were published in 1524.

What does Baroque mean?

Baroque came to English from a French word meaning “irregularly shaped.” At first, the word in French was used mostly to refer to pearls. Eventually, it came to describe an extravagant style of art characterized by curving lines, gilt, and gold.

Why was oratorio created?

Protestant composers took their stories from the Bible, while Catholic composers looked to the lives of saints, as well as to Biblical topics. Oratorios became extremely popular in early 17th-century Italy partly because of the success of opera and the Catholic Church’s prohibition of spectacles during Lent.