Does Congress Refer To Both The House And The Senate?

What two groups do members of Congress represent?

The United States Capitol building, the home of both the House of Representatives and the Senate.

The Congress makes laws.

Despite promises made by presidential candidates, the President has no direct power to pass any legislation.

This very important power lies solely with the House of Representatives and the Senate..

Why is the Senate more powerful than the House of Representatives?

Under the Constitution, the House of Representatives has the power to impeach a government official, in effect serving as prosecutor. The Senate has the sole power to conduct impeachment trials, essentially serving as jury and judge.

Does everyone in a state vote for both senators?

Each state is equally represented by two senators who serve staggered terms of six years. … From 1789 to 1913, senators were appointed by legislatures of the states they represented. They are now elected by popular vote following the ratification of the Seventeenth Amendment in 1913.

What does the House refer to?

The House is one of Congress’s two chambers (the other is the U.S. Senate), and part of the federal government’s legislative branch.

Why are the Senate and House terms different?

The difference in the terms of senators and members of House of Representatives reflects the differences between the 2 chambers. Senators represent the whole of their state, a much larger number of people than members of the House of Representatives.

Why does the Constitution provide for the bicameral structure of Congress?

The bicameral system is supposed to provide for checks and balances and prevent potential abuses of power. The U.S. bicameral system arose from a desire to have a balanced system within the legislative branch and to address a disagreement over how states would be allocated representation.

Why are there currently 435 members in the House of Representatives?

Because the House wanted a manageable number of members, Congress twice set the size of the House at 435 voting members. The first law to do so was passed on August 8, 1911. … Finally, in 1929 the Permanent Apportionment Act became law. It permanently set the maximum number of representatives at 435.

What is the difference between the Congress and the Senate?

Senators represent their entire states, but members of the House represent individual districts. The number of districts in each state is determined by a state’s population. … Today, Congress consists of 100 senators (two from each state) and 435 voting members of the House of Representatives.

Why is the Senate called the Upper House?

The Senate has 100 members and is the upper house of the United States Congress. It is called the upper house because it has fewer members than the House of Representatives and has powers not granted to the House, such as giving approval to appointments of Cabinet secretaries and federal judges.

How many senators are in Congress?

The Constitution prescribes that the Senate be composed of two senators from each State (therefore, the Senate currently has 100 Members) and that a senator must be at least thirty years of age, have been a citizen of the United States for nine years, and, when elected, be a resident of the State from which he or she …

What is the key constitutional clause that lies?

What is the key constitutional clause that lies behind most of the implied powers of Congress? The necessary and proper clause Article I, section 8, Clause 18.

Does Congress mean both House and Senate?

Established by Article I of the Constitution, the Legislative Branch consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate, which together form the United States Congress.

Does Congress refer to both houses?

Congress is divided into two institutions: the House of Representatives and the Senate. The two houses of Congress have equal but unique roles in the federal government. … Every state has an equal voice in the Senate, while representation in the House of Representatives is based on the size of each state’s population.

Which is a key difference between the Senate and the House quizlet?

Members of the House of Representatives serve two-year terms and are considered for reelection every even year. Senators however, serve six-year terms and elections to the Senate are staggered over even years so that only about 1/3 of the Senate is up for reelection during any election.

What is the difference between House and Senate committees?

Committees in the House of Representatives generally have more members, due its larger size, as compared to the smaller 100-member Senate. Senate rules fix the maximum size for many of its committees, while the House determines the size and makeup of each committee every new Congress.